There's functional literacy then critical literacy then rhetorical literacy, according to one model, in an ascending scale of ability to "read".
(read, as defined by a cultural theorist, that is)
In my opinion the West's major problem is that it is teaching that functional literacy is literacy, when I don't believe it is.
There is not enough critical literacy in the west.
Functional literacy means just enough literacy for you to be able to function in your society.
In a simpler society functional literacy just required you to read and write your name, perhaps read a simple rent document, although perhaps notaries did that for you and advised you, and you put your mark on it.
Today's Western world is far more complex. People can do far more than just read and write their names, but I deny that makes them more than functionally literate, even if they have read Dostoyevsky. It is possible to read such books without getting anything out of them.
Our world is awash with media propaganda that is conning people every day. University undergraduates are not automatically taught critical literacy.
Anyone who buys or reads a tabloid or any other politically motivated newspaper is likely to be only functionally literate.
Last edited by Andrew Fryer on Wed Jan 10, 2018 7:48 pm, edited 2 times in total.
1975 Calatayud y Gisbert, Yamaha CG131S.