D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

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Jean-François Delcamp
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D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Jean-François Delcamp » Tue May 01, 2018 7:19 am

Hello everyone,
Please start by downloading the latest version of volume D03.
If you are new to the course, please read this message to familiarize yourself with the conditions for participating in the lessons. You should also read the first message in lesson 1, where you will find advice on how to make the most of your study time and on the methods of practising that I recommend.


Now we are going to work on a series of exercises:
- page 100, numbers 46 and 47 Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) BARRÉ - BARRÉ - BARRÉ – CEJILLA

You have to be careful and listen to what your body is telling you when you begin to practise the barré. Be sure to keep in mind that if you overdo your practising of the barré, you risk developing tendonitis which often takes a long time to heal and will cause you a good deal of stress if, like me, you love the guitar with a passion. Pain is a warning sign that should be respected. As soon as you feel pain, you should have the wisdom to stop practising immediately until the next day. In the 80's, I wasn't prepared to listen to the pain caused by practising the barré, and only a total break from the guitar lasting a whole year enabled me to start playing again. Now I stop immediately at the first warning sign of pain. Since I started being careful, I've had no more problems.

To acquire the technique for the barré, it is essential above all not to force it. The ideal is to practise a little, but every day.

- For greater effectiveness, the thumb is placed opposite the middle finger, rather than behind the index finger making the barré.
- Place the index finger very close to the fret, almost on top of it.
- Make sure that your shoulder, forearm, wrist and hand are really relaxed. Only the fingers should be exerting a light pressure, otherwise you'll be heading for disaster and at risk of jeopardizing your future progress by giving yourself tendonitis. Relaxing the arm and forearm allows you to take advantage of the weight of the arm and forearm to help the index finger to press more easily against the strings.
- Avoid bending the left wrist, as that will hurt and will impede the action of the fingers. Find the position (of the guitar neck, your elbow and your shoulder) which will allow you to make the barré without bending your wrist.

- The creases of the finger joints cause some slight problems. In particular the crease of the joint between the last two bones of the index finger (the middle and distal phalanges).

To illustrate this, here are 2 photos of my right hand index finger ready to make a barré (I am left handed). I am not pressing on the strings, so that the crease of the joint is more visible.
1. In this photograph, the joint crease of the index finger is situated exactly over the third string, so the third string will not be pressed fully against the fingerboard, and the sound will be muffled or non-existent.
joint crease of the index finger on the 3rd string
Image
2. A solution is to position this crease where it will not cause a problem (between the strings)
joint crease of the index finger between the 3rd and 4th strings
Image

Practising the barré demands patience. The first results of this practice (improvement in strength) only become noticeable after several weeks or months of daily practice.

The tension of the strings (normal, hard, or extra hard) also plays a role in barrés. A set of "extra hard" tension strings requires more strength than a "normal" tension set. A "normal" tension set of strings and a low action* will help you.
* The action of a guitar is the distance between the stationary string and the frets, usually measured at the 12th fret. You can have the action adjusted by a luthier.




Next, we will be working on 4 pieces.
- page 20 Emmanuel ADRIAENSSEN (1554-1604) BRANLE ANGLAIS




- page 21 Gaspar SANZ (1640-1710) JACARAS
Image

This dance will serve as a basis for improvisation work proposed in lesson N. 7. The sequence of the chords requires imagination to avoid monotony. In order to avoid monotony use dynamic changes (fortissimo, forte, piano, pianissimo), different sound colors (sound hole, fingerboard, bridge, with nail, no nail) and different strumming styles: rasgueados, plucked chords, arpegiated to the bass or treble, etc … .



- page 80 ANONYME (ca. 1850) NESTA RUA
The piece is in 2/2 time. Maintain some flexibility in your rhythm (rubato), while balancing the parts where you speed up against those where you slow down, so that you don't alter the overall duration of the phrases.




- page 81 ANONYME (ca. 1850) SAMBA LELE




I look forward to hearing you play these exercises and tunes.
- page 20 Emmanuel ADRIAENSSEN (1554-1604) BRANLE ANGLAIS
- page 21 Gaspar SANZ (1640-1710) JACARAS
- page 81 ANONYME (ca. 1850) SAMBA LELE


Good luck!


I thank Geoff (GeoffB) who has helped in the translation of my lessons into English.


Jean-François

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Exam qualifying submissions:

BRANLE ANGLAIS
JACARAS
SAMBA LELE
:( + ♫ = :)

Salvatore Lovinello
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Re: D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Salvatore Lovinello » Sat May 19, 2018 5:57 pm

What's with the fingering suggestions on the Branle Anglais and the capo on the 5th fret? the fingerings only seem to make sense if no capo is used. In the Maestro's example in the pick up measure he plays a D but it's written as an A. The base line for the first three measures is played a D but is written as an A. To make this song sound like the Maestro's I need to "pretend" I'm playing with no capo in the first position. I didn't see any discussions about this in past lessons. I am confused as hell...

Colin Bullock
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Re: D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Colin Bullock » Sun May 20, 2018 5:07 am

The piece is written as if you are playing in open position, the capo becomes your new nut, so you play D but read A.
Does that make sense?

Salvatore Lovinello
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Re: D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Salvatore Lovinello » Sun May 20, 2018 11:54 am

I get that part, Colin. But why not just write the music in standard guitar notation? I imagined myself seeing this music without hearing it. Why would I ever play it the way Maestro Delcamp plays it without hearing it played by him. If there is a reason then I would like to hear it especially if this issue comes up again.

Thanks for your response, Colin.

Colin Bullock
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Re: D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Colin Bullock » Wed May 23, 2018 10:33 am

Salvatore Lovinello wrote:
Sun May 20, 2018 11:54 am
.....why not just write the music in standard guitar notation?
I’ve looked around and there seem to be 2 conventions, writing the notes at pitch played, and writing as if the capo were at nut position - the latter seems to be the most common.

Salvatore Lovinello
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Posts: 201
Joined: Tue Apr 07, 2015 1:31 pm
Location: Chesterton, Indiana

Re: D03 Classical guitar lesson 09

Post by Salvatore Lovinello » Wed May 23, 2018 11:33 am

Thanks, Colin. Knowing that this is a convention likely unique to the guitar helps the left side of my brain reconcile what the right side of my brain already knew. Now they can stop bickering...

Sal

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