Hi Nathan. If you aren't going to get a teacher to help you learn notation, here are a few tips:
FORGET what you were taught about naming the spaces and lines on the staff! (i.e. FACE, for the spaces ...)
Treat it like learning the alphabet when you learned to read! Shorter alphabet A B C D E F G
For example - start with the first string, three notes E F G. You know their positions are
E - open string, Top space on the staff
F - 1st fret, 1st finger, Top line on the staff
G - 3rd fret, 3rd finger, Space above the staff
Be able to look at a piece of music and instantly recognise these three notes throughout - just like when you learned to read!
Do this with all the notes in first position across the six strings. Remember as you go up the staff, the notes get higher and you go forward in the musical alphabet and as you go down the staff, you read backwards in the alphabet and the notes get lower.
You need to be patient - really learn the first position notes and what they look like before exploring the rest of the fingerboard. Just remember each note of a particular pitch can be played in several places along the fretboard - but it always looks the same! When reading notation, numbers beside notes indicate left hand fingering, numbers in circles indicate strings, and p i m and a indicate right hand fingers.
Hope I haven't over-simplified. If this info helps and you want to take it further, just PM me. I've been teaching for YEARS and I've NEVER had a player fail to learn how to read - they couldn't all play very well, but they could ALL read!